Research into particle physics and gravitational waves in Maastricht

I work for the Faculty of  Humanities and Sciences at the University of Maastricht. A new research group is being set up within this faculty which will focus on particle physics and gravitational waves. The main researcher has access to data of the detectors LIGO (USA) and Virgo (Italy). I already wrote the following blogs regarding the two detectors: https://linda043.wordpress.com/2016/02/11/einstein-was-right-gravitational-waves-detected/

https://linda043.wordpress.com/2013/10/12/gravitational-waves/

Maastricht lies in South Limburg and South Limburg is a candidate for the successor to the current telescopes. In 2 years time the decision will be made where this new telescope will be built. The soil in South Limburg is perfect for this underground telescope. The telescope has already got a name, the Einstein Telescope.

An article on the website of Maastricht University:

https://www.maastrichtuniversity.nl/news/sterrenkundige-droom-wordt-werkelijkheid

So I’m really glad that my personal interests collide with my work although it’s in a supportive way (I’m no scientists unfortunately).

 

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Landing event at EAC Cologne

I was one of the lucky ones to attend the landing event of French astronaut Thomas Pesquet at the European Astronaut Center (EAC) in Cologne on 2 June 2017. Great place to meet new and old friends.

And most importantly the landing went well.

The amazing hall of the EAC with a great model of the ISS

What a lovely miniature Soyuz with a mini Alexander Gerst:

Photo of the screen showing the landing:

The hall with all the press people:

Groups photo

Open day ESTEC

My son and I visited the Open Day at ESA’s Technical Center on 8 October. Really a must do and see experience. Numerous lectures by scientists and astronauts and a tour of the Test Center are one of the many activities on that day. I was able to talk to a couple of scientists about their missions, like GAIA (thanks Jos de Bruijne) and Galileo. A visit to neighbor Space Expo is also possible. My son loved the centrifuge the most.

There’s a fantastic program for kids at the open day but there’s also a lot to see and do for adults. The open day is usually in October so don’t miss the next one. You won’t regret it!

This is the Large European Acoustic Facility (LEAF):

The beautiful Hertz radio frequency test chamber:

Moon rover and test area in the Erasmus High Bay:

ExoMars model:

The Centrifuge at full speed used for testing:

The charred capsule of Dutch astronaut André Kuipers:

Italian astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti wore this Startrek suit on Startrek day on the ISS in 2015.

Me and the capsule of André Kuipers. He landed with this capsule on 1 July 2012. Space Expo acquired this capsule mainly by donations. It was pretty costly to buy this capsule from the Russians.

The most complete star catalog

gaiaToday the GAIA team of the European Space Agency shared the following exciting news. The biggest star map of our galaxy was published. The data of nearly 1.7 billion stars is included in this star map. Scientists/astronomers can conduct years of science with these data. What a detail is found in these images. Wish I was an astronomer at this moment. Following GAIA team members on social media is a joy to do and in there’re so kind when meeting them in person.

The ESA announcement can be found here:

http://sci.esa.int/gaia/60192-gaia-creates-richest-star-map-of-our-galaxy-and-beyond/

Het ontbrekende heelal

Auke Pieter Colijn, werkzaam aan de UvA en UU (bijzonder hoogleraar) is een experimenteel astrofysicus. Hij test of theorieën kloppen. Hij is een van de 40 onderzoekers van de detector in Gran Sasso (LNGS). Het heelal lijkt heel eeg leeg. De massa van sterren en planeten geeft maar een heel lage dichtheid.

Als je de snelheid van sterren in een sterrenstelsel (middels roodverschuiving) meet, verwacht je een afnemende curve. Sterren dichtbij de kern bewegen sneller dan verder weg bij het centrum. Na metingen blijkt dat niet zo te zijn:

Er lijkt massa te missen.

Het hele heelal is 2 graden Kelvin. Samenstelling heelal nu: donkere materie 72%, atomen 4,6%, donkere materie 23%. Donkere materie zendt geen licht uit. 13,7 miljard jaar geleden: donkere materie 63%, atomen 12%, fotonen 15%, neutrino’s 10%.

Donkere energie heb je nodig om te verklaren om te verklaren dat het heelal steeds sneller uitdijdt. Op een gegeven moment (miljarden jaren later) kun je alleen maar de sterren van de Melkweg ziet. Het licht van andere sterren bereikt ons niet meer.

Alles is opgebouwd uit 3 onderdelen: elektronen, up en down quarks.

Theorieën met mogelijke deeltjes die proberen om donkere materie te verklaren:


Het gewicht van donkere materie op aarde is slechts 300 gram. Donkere materie is niet gelijk verdeeld.
3 manieren om donkere materie te meten: indirect via satellieten, zelf maken via een deeltjesversneller en direct meten.


Detectoren richten zich op 1 van de 3 volgende gevolgen van de botsing tussen donkere materie en atomen: warmte, zendt het licht uit of komen er ionen uit (ionisatie). Alle detectoren zitten zo diep mogelijk. Om zo min mogelijk last te hebben van andere deeltjes. De faciliteiten in Gran Sasso (midden Italië):


Waarom moeilijk om te detecteren: nagenoeg is alles radioactief. Alle onderdelen zijn getest op radioactiviteit. Net begonnen met meten. Meest gevoelige detector op dit moment.

Solar Eclipse 2017

Our trip to the Solar Eclipse on 21 August is planned. We plan to see the solar eclipse in Rexburg, Idaho. Totality will last 2 minutes and 17 seconds in Rexburg and Rexburg has a high chance of clear skies in summer. We’ll keep a close eye on the weather forecast and are able to drive to another place.

More info about the solar eclipse in Rexburg can be found at:

https://www.greatamericaneclipse.com/idaho/

http://www.eclipse2017.org/2017/communities/states/ID/Rexburg_90.htm

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_eclipse_of_August_21,_2017

 

Kennedy Space Center

As a true spacefan a visit to the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is a must go eventually somewhere in your life. I was able to combine a visit to the KSC with my first half marathon at the Spacecoast Marathon in Cocoa Beach.

I stayed at the La Quinta Inn Cocoa Beach, once owned by the Original Mercury 7 astronauts.

hotel

I had all day for my visit. And still I couldn’t see and do everything. Beforehand you have to decide what you absolutely want to see and what sights/parts are a bonus. I was there before the doors were open. The doors open at 9 AM. Before the doors open they play the national anthem. Everybody turned to the American flight and sang along. It gave me goosebumps.

The entrance is already impressive.

On the dark grey wall is a part of the famous speech of president J.F. Kennedy:

For the eyes of the world now look into space, to the moon and to the planets beyond, and we have vowed that we shall not see it governed by a hostile flag of conquest, but by a banner of freedom and peace.

At the entrance is also the old countdown clock. It has been at KSC since the Apollo era. It retired in December 2014.

countdown clock.jpeg

So much to see:

plattegrond

The Astronaut Hall of Fame is integrated in the new exhibition Heroes and Legends. This opened on 11 November 2016. It is impressive. The exhibition focuses on the early space missions.

mercury-cc

This is the Gemini 9A capsule (by T. Stafford and E. Cernan in 1966) and an original Mercury space suit.

From this exhibition you walk straight into the US Astronaut Hall of Fame.

The second exhibition was the most famous one, Atlantis. My first space shuttle and also the last one that flew (in 2011). This exhibition is huge.

You can easily see it has flown in space numerous times. Near the exhaust you see the damage that was made during the flight.

achterkant-atlantis

You may also find the astrovan of the space shuttle program and the spaceshuttle tires of STS-135, the last space shuttle flight.

atrovan

tires

On a wall between the Heroes and Legends exhibition and the Atlantis exhibition there is a mural of the ISS with all the flags of the partners. Real international cooperation.

mural-iss

Near the mural there is a mockup of the new Orion capsule. Still being tested and hopefully in 2018 the first manned test. This capsule will be used for future Mars missions.

orion

I didn’t want to miss the Astronaut talk. This time John-David Bartoe was there. Bio: http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/PS/bartoe.html

His talk, like many other astronaut talks, was very entertaining. He talked about his mission (STS-51F) but also about the ISS and the increasing number of female astronauts (yeah).

astronaut-praatje

Next up was the Journey to Mars exhibition with my favorite rover (Opportunity or Spirit) and its big brother Curiosity.

mars-rovers

I love this view: a T-38  behind the Atlantis exhibition. The T-38 is used as a trainer for astronauts and as a chase plane.

t36

After a quick lunch and a visit to the Astronaut Memorial (Space Mirror Memorial) for the fallen astronauts during the American space program I went with a bus tour (the explore tour). Our guide was a young student who knew a lot about the most recent developments. First we went to the lookout point where you could see five launch pads, 39A and 39B, 41, 40 and 37B. Here you can see launch pads 41 and 40.

launch-pads

On launch pad 37B you could see the Delta IV rocket sheduled to launch on 7 December. The Air Force’s WGS 8 communications satellite was put into orbit on that day. Nice to be able to see it.

atlas-on-launch-pad

We also stopped at the lookout point for launchpads 39A and B. There were used for the Apollo and the space shuttle program as you can see below. This is launch pad 39A, which is leased by SpaceX for 20 years. It is modified for future SpaceX launches, the Falcon 9 and the Falcon Heavy rockets. In this photo you can still see the rotating support structure for the Space Shuttle. It will be removed for the SpaceX launches. It looked as if there was still a lot of work which had to be done to modify the launch pad.

launch-pad-39a-of-b

This is launch pad 39B. Launch pad 39B has been modified by NASA for future Space Launch System (SLS) launches.

launchpad-39b

The water tank is a part of the  Sound Suppression Water System (SSWS) which was added to protect the Space Shuttle and its payload from effects of the intense sound wave pressure generated by its engines.

launchpad-spacex

This mobile launcher has been modified with this launch tower.The launcher is designed to support the assembly, testing, check out and servicing of the rocket, as well as transfer it to the pad and provide the platform from which it will launch (from the NASA website). It’s much easier to launch from every launch pad this way so saving costs.

mobile-launch-pad

This is a crawler used to transport the space shuttles from the VAB to the launch pad. The maximum speed was 1.6 km/hour (1 mph) so taking a couple of hours (average 5) to reach the launch pad )total distance was 5.6 km).

crawler

This is the Vehicle Assembly Building or VAB. It’s huge. The space shuttle fitted easily in this building. Now it’s modified for the new SLS.

vab

This is the space shuttle gantry. Sadly it was badly damaged during hurricane Matthew in October 2016.

beschadigde-spaceshuttle

We were dropped at the Apollo/Saturn V Center. First you enter the firing room and you see the Apollo 8 launch. The first thing you see as you enter the huge exhibition hall is the Saturn V rocket used to go to the moon. It’s huge and very impressive. They have done a great job. The rocket’s first stage is a test stage and the second and third stages are from SA-514, which would have been used for the cancelled Apollo 19 mission.

apollo-center-achterk

apollo-center-patches

This is the astrovan of the Apollo program.

atrovan2

This is the official mascot of the Apollo program, Snoopy.

apollo-snoopy

This is the spacesuit of Alan Shepard covered in moon dust!

apollo-suit

Apllo 14 Crew module showing the fierce reentry in Earth’s atmosphere.

apollo-capsule

Practical and other info:

  1. One day is not enough to see and do everything.
  2. Kennedy Space Center is easiest reachable by car. It took me only 20 minutes to get there from Cocoa Beach. You need to pay for parking ($ 10).
  3. The Explore Tour was worth the extra money. More info (from a guide) and 3 stops where you have enough time to look around.